Residential Rainwater Harvesting Systems

What is a Rainwater Harvesting System? Rainwater harvesting is collected precipitation from rooftops and other above-ground impervious surfaces that is stored in catchment tanks for later use. Rainwater harvesting systems can range from a simple barrel at the bottom of a downspout to multiple cisterns with pumps and filtration. Untreated rainwater can be used to water all your outside plants – including edible plants.  rain_barrel_en-2.jpg

Benefits of Rainwater Harvesting: Berkeley averages roughly 20 inches of rain a year. That rainwater currently flows off your roof, into a stormdrain and out to the San Francisco Bay. Harvesting rainwater helps conserve water and can save you money on your water bill. Using rainwater to water your garden helps replenish local aquifers and reduces the amount of stormwater that drains into the Bay. The harvested water is low in sodium, and chloramine and fluoride free.

Rainwater Catchment System Requirements: The easiest, most low-tech system is a rain barrel attached to your downspout that has a spigot and hose out to your garden; no water treatment is necessary. Most simple rainwater catchment systems will not require any permits.

More complex systems can involve plumbing and electrical work, soil excavation or other structural work. For rainwater collection projects of this scale, consult a professional to review design, construction and safety considerations, and note the following review and permit requirements: 

Non-Permitted Rainwater Catchment Systems Guidelines:

Resources and Links:

Plumbing Code 2013 California Plumbing Code (specifically Chapter 17)

Rain Barrels and Cisterns (Bay Area Stormwater Management) Rain Barrels and Cisterns

American Rainwater Catchment System Association ARCSA

East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD)

City of Berkeley Graywater Reuse Graywater Collection Systems 

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